In addition to the urgent acute crises (Corona, Ukraine war), Germany is facing five major chronic crises that require transformations. Climate crisis, demographic change, digital transformation, national security and the large backlog of investment gaps - five tasks for the future where a lot of "money needs to be spent". Almost never all of this is viewed in combination. But all has to be done simultaneously. With FiFo DP 22-04, Michael Thöne calculates the total volume of all necessary transformations at a conservative 300 billion euros a year. To finance all this, more taxes, more debt or discretionary spending cuts are not the cure. The five great transformations call for the sixth transformation, the comprehensive modernisation of the German public sector.

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